ECORESTORATION & SANITATION
Eco-restoration and sustainable development are closely interlinked with the interplay of ecology, sociology, economics and culture. Eco-restoration is the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged or destroyed. Four basic steps are used in ecological restoration and rehabilitation :
identification of the cause for degradation
elimination of toxic soil pollutants, addition of nutrients to depleted soil, addition of new topsoil and elimination of disruptive species
protection of the area from further degradation and from the disruptive effects of fires
monitoring restoration efforts, assessing success and modifying strategies. Eco-restoration is the collective effort of knowledge and technology generated by scientists, the commitment of policy-makers and involvement of local communities.
For Eco-restoration, SVADES is promoting Water Conservation and its judicious use, Plantations, Sanitation and use of Bio-Fertilizers and Bio-Nutrients. Annually during Monsoon season, SVADES undertakes plantation of saplings in Primary School having compound walls. SVADES has adopted 25 schools to promote plantation and inculcate habits of preserve and conserve nature among students. Till now, over 25,400 saplings have been planted in these schools. School children are imparted ecological environment training and they take up the responsibility of nurturing and maintaining these plants. The success rate has been 70 to 80% as children, teachers and principal are involved.
As water is becoming a scarce commodity, SVADES is concentrating on Roof Water Harvesting and Recharge of Bore-Wells. Both these actions will improve groundwater quality and quantity. The roof water can also store in water tanks for use as and when necessary.
Sanitation is another essential area where SVADES has many success stories. To improve quality, Sanitation has been of the main focus area. SVADES has developed a unique design of the cabin and soak pit which is robust and uses the least amount of water for cleaning. SVADES constructed its first Household Sanitary Latrine (HSL) in 1996 which is still operational. Sanitary latrines have been made constructed for schools as well as at individual household level. Swachh Bharat Mission gave a further push to this activity.
From 1995 itself SVADES had initiated addressing the Sanitation issue in the rural villages’ while the “Swatch Bharat Mission” had been framed in 2014. By constructing Household Sanitary Latrines (HSL) in 1996, SVADES had pioneered in Swatch Bharat mission and now in 2020 by initiating constructing Household Sanitary Bathroom (HSB), SVADES had pioneered another activity.
So far, partnering with different Corporates, SVADES have been constructed following facilities while some of them have been funded by the Government Agencies. Awareness drives and Training sessions have been imparted obligatory among the beneficiaries for safe sanitation practices, cleanliness as well as maintenance of the constructed units.
13,252 Household Sanitary Latrine units (HSL)
348 Household Sanitary Bathroom units (HSB)
88 School Sanitation Units (SSL-School Sanitary Latrine units) separate for both girls and boys along with teachers in the Panchayat Primary Schools of 75 different villages of Gujarat)
More than 25 Baby Toilets in different Aanganwadies
SVADES is training women members of the SHGs for the production of Vermin-Compost using bio-waste. This produced Vermin-Compost is being used in their farm fields as well as they have started selling of Vermin-Compost and thus have supportive earnings.